Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many similar kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by the two sexes. Far more commonly, pajamas may well seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are loose, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Company rule in India.[seven]
The worldwide utilization of pajamas (the term plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th generations, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main half on the nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain plus the Western earth as sleeping attire for men right up until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern similar to a excellent numerous Many others with the Portuguese. Hence pidzame Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of comfortable fabric, for example flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element normally contains a placket front and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people opt to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas are frequently called PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as night time suits.
Some pajamas element a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt pidzame flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but within the early 20-to start with century They're relatively scarce.
Modern day pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are numerous variants in design and style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Typically worn by little ones, these clothes pidzame normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they may have sometimes included the latter as being a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a type of brief dress top over shorts or short trousers.
Pajamas could right now consult with Females's mixture daywear, specifically in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these include capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.